seeds of Cedrus libani var. libani

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Cedrus libani seeds


Cedrus libani is one of the unique varieties of cedar species. It is commonly known as the cedar of Lebanon, Cedrus elegant knight or Cyprus cedar. It is an evergreen coniferous tree with a massive trunk, flat at the top with horizontal branches. The plant belongs to Pinaceae family and genius cedrous. Its origin can be traced back to Lebanon, Syria and turkey but is now widely spread northern cold climate.

Cedrus libani is a needled evergreen coniferous tree plant. It grows up to a height of 40 m. The trunk consists of a barrel-shaped monopodial with a diameter of up to 2.5 m and bears erect branches. Barks of the plant are scaly, dark grey and at times change to brown depending on the climate. Branches of young plants form an ascending order. Young crown displays conical shape; as the plant grows older, it forms a pyramidal shape. Newly formed shoots are dimorphic pale brown and scaly. C.libani forms an egg-shaped vegetative bud with a measure of 2 to 3mm long and 1 to 2 mm wide. Leaves are simple and arranged in a spiral at the end of long shoots. Cones mature after 40 years. Male cones form at the edge of shoots while female seed cones grow at the terminal edge of the shoot. Seeds in particular measure 15-18mm in size. 

Its ecology is characterised by a warm winter to Mediterranean summers with annual rainfall ranging from 1,000 to 1,500 mm. The trees are covered completely by snow during high altitudes. For proper germination, Cedrus libani seeds are put in durable containers to prevent fungal species from attacking the seed at its early stage. Soaking of the seeds at indoor temperatures up to 24 hours before sowing is important. Soil should be slightly wet since too much water on the landscape can kill seedlings.
The libani tree is extensively planted for decorative purposes in most gardens and landscape designing. Cedar wood is considered valuable, pretty and pleasant. That said it is long lasting; hence, destruction by insects is on rare occasions. Woods obtained from C.libani is extensively used for construction, in the furniture industry and the making of handicrafts. Clear-cut logging approaches promote a uniform forest formation.

Severe deforestation has been reported in Lebanon and Cyprus, and various efforts have been made to protect this species from extinction.
Cedrus libani is a clear symbol of righteous. Lebanon flag displays the symbol as a national seal for use by the state; moreover, Middle East airlines portray logo as the main symbol. Arkansas State has also recognised Lebanon cedar for its unprecedented specimens.

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