seeds of Fagopyrum cymosum, perennial buckwheat
Fagopyrum cymosum, also called the perennial buckwheat, is a plant species of the family Polygonaceae. The plant’s synonyms include Polygonum chinense and Fagopyrum dibotrys. The plant’s native range stretches from the Himalayas to Nepal, Japan, and China. The plant mostly grows in woodland areas. Present day cultivation of the plant takes place in the United States, Northern Europe, China, Japan, and India. Fagopyrum cymosum is a fast grower and can get to a height of 1 metre and expand 2 metres outward. The plant is monoecious, i.e., it produces flowers that are either male or female. Both flowers are white and can occur on the same plant. Leaves are heart-shaped or triangular and have a length of 7 to 10 cm and a width of 2.5 to 7 cm. The nuts are ovate, either flat or concave, and have a length of 6 to 8 mm. The plant’s seeds and leaves are edible, and one can cook them and add them to their daily diet. An ideal way to cook the leaves is through boiling and steaming them like spinach. The leaves are rich in healthy nutrients including rutin. The seeds are edible both raw and cooked. Alternatively, one could dry and grind the seeds to get a powder that serves as an ideal addition to soups. Fagopyrum cymosum is a reliable provider of herbal medicines. Such medicines purportedly have depurative, anthelmintic, hypotensive, anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic and anodyne properties. The conditions that such medicines can treat include menstrual problems, snakebites, lumbago, and inflammations. The plant grows best in dry sandy soils but is versatile enough to grow in different soil types including loamy, heavy clay and chalky. The plant can also cope with cold temperatures but only to a low of -20 ˚C. Fagopyrum cymosum grows and matures in 80 to 90 days.
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