Heliconia seeds of Heliconia standleyi

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Heliconia standleyi - seeds


Heliconia standleyi belongs to the family of the Heliconaceae. It is native to Columbia and Peru. H. standleyi can reach a height of 3, 6 to 7, 5 m. It has a pseudo trunk, just like the banana plant. The leaves are very big and simple; they resemble the leaves of the banana plant. The leaves are used in some tropic regions to wrap food.
The inflorescence is hanging and is built up of 20 to 55 bracts that surround the small flowers. The inflorescence reaches a length of 1, 20 m. The bracts are red at the basis and yellow greenish at the ends. The flowers are white. H. standleyi is pollinated by hummingbirds like most of the Heliconia species. The hummingbirds drink the nectar that the inflorescences produce in great amounts. Some hummingbirds visit just “their own” Heliconia which leads to coevolution between hummingbird and Heliconia regarding the form of the flower and the form of the hummingbird’s beak.
Animals distribute the seeds when they eat the fruit. The fruit includes 1 to 3 seeds.

Cultivation from seeds

The seeds of H. standleyi are extremely hard and should be roughened before planting. They can be put 1 cm deep into the substrate afterwards. Heliconias like it warm and germinate best when the substrate is constantly moist and the temperature is at about 25 to 30 °C. Nevertheless germination time varies very much.
As known from plants of the rainforest, H. standleyi needs a semi- shady place.

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