Lonicera maackii, Amur honeysuckle seeds

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Lonicera maackii Amur honeysuckle seeds

 

Lonicera maackii is also referred by common names such as bush honeysuckle, Maacks Heckenkirsche, maak’s honeysuckle, clematite de Maackand tree honeysuckle and Amur honeysuckle. It is native to Asia but grows in other places such as the USA as an introduced shrub. It grows in natural forests, planted forests, shrub lands and riparian zones.

L. maackii grows to a height of 7m. It bears several stems with branches that are opposite and could be seen as a braided strand. L. maackii produces leaves from early spring to late autumn. Their leaves emerge before most native plants produce their leaves and retain longer than most plants. The leaves are lightly and have long acuminate tips. They are also the opposite. They have a length of 5cm to 8cm. The leaves are dark green at the top and pale at the bottom. L. maackii has pairs of fragrant white to pinkish flowers that fade to yellow bloom from the leaf axils formed to late spring. When stems are mature they become hollow and white.

The insects do pollination and birds easily disperse the fruits. Seeds propagate it or it can grow as invasive species in some places. The leaves contain phenolic compounds that can have biological effects on other plants and insects. The plant produces small, red, fleshy and round berries. The fruits grow in clusters from September to December and they are spherical red to orange berries.

L. maackii has both economic and environmental value. It provides food for some birds and animals. Its flowers contain essential oils extracted in China. Its stems are used to make artificial cotton. It is sold as an ornamental plant in the USA and Europe. It is used in China as a traditional medicinal plant. It can be invasive and can grow as a noxious weed in places where it is not native. In places where it is an invasive species, it reduces biodiversity because it out-competes the natural plants.

L. maackii grows well in alkaline to slightly acidic soils but grows best in calcareous soils. It grows along lakes and rivers and tolerates occasional flooding. L. mackii grows as a shrub. It can grow in full sun to deep shade. It also does well in an area with well-drained soil. Overall, L. maackii can adapt to a wide range of environmental conditions and soils. 

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