20 seeds of Rauvolfia serpentina "Snakeroot" Rauwolfia Sarpagandha

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Rauwolfia serpentina, Indian Snakeroot seeds


Rauvolfia serpentine also called devil pepper, or Indian snakeroot is a flower species of the milkweed family Apocynaceaegenus Rauvolfia. The plant synonyms include Rauvolfia trifoliate(gaertn.) Baill,Ophioxylon album Gaertn,OphioxylonobversumMiq,Ophioxylonsalutiferumsalisb, OphioxylonserpentinumL, Ophioxylontrifoliatumgaertn and Rauvolfia obverse(Mig) Baill. Other common names for the plant Rauvolfia root, serpentine, arachoritia, harkaya, Chandra and chota-chand. Snakeroot is native to the Indian subcontinent and other parts of East Asia such as Indonesia Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia and Thailand. One can find wide distribution of this species in the tropical parts of Himalayas, Sri Lanka, Burma Indian peninsula and Indonesia.

Rauvolfia serpentine is a plant that retains its green leaves throughout the year. Leaves of the plant are thin with a shaped like a lance head, bright green in colour and a little pigment beneath. Flowers form irregular shape, white with a very slight amount of violet colour. Fruits form a fleshy, shiny black colour, the whole complete flower, contains red pedicels and white corolla.

Presents of alkaloids in Rauwolfia has shown some signs of hypertension treatment. Rauwolfia alkaloids are used in large quantities as sedatives and antipsychotics. Reserpine has the ability to deplete catecholamines, which are used in the treatment of hypertension. Not leaving severe anxiety in patients with mental illness, reserpine is still applicable. Reserpine belongs to the class of rauwolfia alkaloids; it performs well by slowing down the activity of the nervous system, particularly slowing down the heart beat and enlarging blood vessels in the body. Decoction extracted from the plant is used to treat painful complications in the intestines. In addition, IT increases uterus contraction during child bearing. Leaves of Rauvolfia are full of juice used to remove opacity of the eye and to treat itches and wounds. Barks, leaves and roots can be used to treat scorpion and snake poison.

Rauvolfia serpentine thrives well in areas with an annual temperature range 22-30 c. However, the plant sometimes tolerates temperatures of 4-35 c. Moderate tropical rainforests climate is preferred where elevations go up to 1000 metres. The plant requires annual rainfall range 1500-3500mm and sometimes survives on a semi-humid to semi-arid climate with an average annual rainfall of 1100mm. During sowing season, well-drained loam soil is preferred with a pH in a range 5.5-7 for proper growth and good quality harvest. Preparation for harvest usually takes 2 to 3 years; roots from the plant are harvested during this period. On average roots produce worth 2-4 tonnes per hectare. Rauvolfia remains one of the useful agroforestry species adapted to a well-distributed rainfall.

 Growing from seeds:

sow about 1cm deep into well drained seeding compost mixed with some sand, keep moist and at temperatures of about 25-29°C. Germination takes about 5 weeks

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