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100 Arnica montana seeds, leopard's bane, wolf's bane, endangered species

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100 Arnica montana seeds, leopard's bane, wolf's bane, endangered species
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Arnica montana seeds


Arnica montana belongs to the family of the Asteraceae, the daisy flowers. It is distributed in quite a large area from the Alps, the Pyrenees to the Balkan. Furthermore it occurs in South Scandinavia and the Baltic. In all those regions and countries Arnica montana is an endangered species. In Germany for example it stands on the Red list for extremely endangered species. Arnica montana is also known as leopard’s bane, wolf’s bane and mountain tobacco. Beside those names, Arnica has several more. The leopard’s bane grows as an herbaceous plant that reaches a height of about 60 cm. The leaves are elliptic, simple and they have a parallel venation. Mostly a plant has only two or three leaves. They are pubescent and have no petiole. The flowers of the wolf’s bane are brightly yellow and are made of disc florets and ray florets which are typical for the Asteraceae. The disc florets are in the middle and the ray florets surround them. So this whole inflorescence looks like one big flower. The flower is attractive to different groups of pollinators. It has a very pleasant odor. The fruit of the mountain arnica is a achene. It has just like the dandelion a pappus so that the seeds can be distributed with the wind. The healing effect of A. montana has been known for a long time. Already Hildegard von Bingen described the plant. She thought that the plant has an aphrodisiac effect. All around the mountain arnica there are many myths. It is for example said that the healing power is stronger when it is harvested at the solstice. The wolf’s bane is mostly used external in from of a tincture. This tincture has to be watered down because the pure tincture is quite strong. Some people react allergic to Arnica. One should try the tinctures with care to avoid strong side effects. Arnica montana helps against joint pains, hematoma, eczema, insect bites, varicose veins, muscle ache and much more other things. But one should not use Arnica internal. A tincture can be easily made from the flowers of Arnica montana. Therefore one should inlay the flowers in hard liquor. Before using it is necessary to water it down. One can also make a salve from Arnica montana.

 

Cultivation of Arnica montana

The seeds of Arnica montana need to be stratified for successful germination. Therefore one should put the seeds already in the substrate for 3 month into the fridge at a temperature of about 4°C. As an alternative one can sow the seeds in fall outside that they experience a natural cold period. The wolf’s bane needs an acid soil. It is an indicator species for acid soils. The mountain arnica is very demanding concerning the substrate. A. montana is winter hardy.

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Additional Information

amount of seeds 100 pieces
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