Panax notoginseng (syn: pseudoginseng) seeds, Chinese-Ginseng
Panax notoginseng belongs to the family of the Araliaceae. It is native to China and Japan. Panax notogingseng means translated “Heals everything”.
P. notoginseng is a perennial shrub that reaches a height of about 37 cm. P. notoginseng varies in morphology depending in which region in grows. The shoot can be green, green- violet or violet. The leaves are deep green, palmate and mostly with seven leaflets. P. notoginseng has 4 to 5 of such leaves which can stand in different angels to the peduncle. They are sorted into types: Erect (angel smaller than 45°), semierect (angel between 45 and 60°) and horizontal (angel more than 60°).
The flowers are small and green to yellow. They are hermaphrodite and are clustered together in umbrella- like inflorescences. The inflorescence stands clearly over the leaves. The fruit (berries) are mostly red, rarely yellow. The roots can get 100 years old. They are violet, white or yellow and radish- like or bladder- like. It is used as a powder as medicament. In the Chinese medicine it is used to stop bleeding. The root extract is part of the miracle cure Yunnan Pai Yao which was used during war and saved the lives of many soldiers. Today intensive research is done with P. notoginseng. One knows that P. notoginseng includes more active phytochemicals than its relatives. Those so called ginsenoside have an effect on the central nervous system, the cardiovascular system and the endocrine system. So the Chinese were right: P. notoginseng is a real all-rounder.
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