Tragopogon porrifolius Purpur-Bocksbart Haferwurzel Samen
Tragopogon porrifolius seeds, Salsify, Purple, Vegetable oyster, Jerusalem star
Tragopogon porrifolius is an ornamental plant commonly known by other names such as Salsify, Purple, Vegetable oyster, Jerusalem star, Goatsbeard and common salsify. The plant’s synonyms include Tragopogon barbirostris, Tragopogon australis, Tragopon claviculatus, Tragopogon branchyphyllus, Tragopogon dshimilesnsis and Tragopogon cupani. Salsify is one of the known species of Tragopogon genus and Asteraceae family. The origin of this plant is traced back to Mediterranean regions of Europe but has been widely distributed to other parts of the world.
Tragopogon porrifolius is biennial and can grow up to a height of about 1.2 metres. Its stems are sparsely branched and produce milky juices. It has green leaves that resemble those of grass. In cooler areas like the United Kingdom, it is in flowers from around May to September while in warmer areas like California it matures earlier and it is in flowers from April. The flower is about 5cm across in size, and dull purple in colour. Leaf scale slightly longer than petals surround each flower. The seeds ripen from around August to September and the species has both male and female organs, therefore, pollinated by insects.
Tragopon porrifolius has a variety of uses, for instance, the roots and young shoots can be cooked as a vegetable and it was historically cultivated for that purpose. The young roots can be crushed into small pieces to be salads. The flavor is very sweet and it tastes like oysters and the flowering shoots can be eaten raw or cooked. The root latex can also be chewed like chewing gum. The plant can be used as a cleansing food which helps the gallbladder and the liver. The roots can also be used in the treatment of high blood pressure and arteriosclerosis.