50 seeds of Bhut (Naga) Jolokia - Ghost Chili - hottest Chili in the world
Seeds of Bhut (Naga) Jolokia - Ghost Chili - seeds
Bhut Jolokia is a chilli belonging to the family Solanaceae and genus Capsicum. Bhut jolokia is a hybrid of Capsicum chinense and Capsicum frutenscens. It has common names such as ghost chili pepper, ghost Jolokia and ghost chili and is common in North Eastern India. It originates from Mizoram, Manipur, Nagaland and Assam but has been distributed to various parts of the world.
Bhut jolokia is an annual plant that grows as a shrub. It the world hottest chili peppers. It has a unique ecological environment of hot and high humidity conditions. The plant has large pods. It reproduces through self-pollination, but cross-pollination can occur when the population of insects is high 10%. Bhut jolokia grows to a height of up to 129cm in 6 months. The stems are green in colour and have nodes which are pigmented. Have leaves which are ovate shaped and have a crinkle look on the surface. Have creamy white corollas which sometimes have a slightly light green colour. Flowers grow in clusters of 2 to 3 flowers per node. When mature most nodes have at most two fruits. The plant has blue panthers and purple filaments. The fruit has hollow locules. One plant produces approximately 15-20 full-size fruits and 10-14 smaller fruits. The fruits are red at maturity. The fruits have three distinct colours; orange light red and dark red.
Bhut jolokia is used when fresh or dried as food or as a spice. It is a source of vitamin A and C In north-eastern India; it is used to keep elephants away by smearing on fences or incorporating in smoke bombs. Jolokia sprays have been used to disperse mobs. It contains a chemical called capsaicin that has both tonic and antiseptic effect. It has been found to improve digestion, reduce high blood pressure, lower cholesterol levels, prevents blood clots and heart diseases and protect against some kinds of cancers. One should not use Jolokia bhut as a supplement to the medicine being taken. There is economic importance for those growing for commercial purposes because the plant seeds and products can be sold.
It can be grown in various soil and climatic conditions. For optimum production, the plant requires well-drained laterite, sandy loam or clay loam soils with regular watering. When fruits are mature, the seeds are extracted and dried. The seeds will then be grown in beds where there is the sun. When extracting the seeds, it is advisable to wear gloves
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